加拿大检方力控诈欺 怒轰孟晚舟

万维读者网 01-23 12:44+-

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万维读者网(Creaders.net)木子编译报道:加拿大温哥华法院审理华为集团财务高管孟晚舟引渡案,今(22)日来到第三天,加拿大司法机构的检察官更指控孟晚舟对汇丰银行撒谎,明显构成“金融诈欺”,而诈欺才是本案的核心,坚决反对孟晚舟律师团主张应该获释的要求,更直指倘若孟晚舟的行为不算违法,加拿大将成骗子首选地。

由于本周的听证会重点是“双重犯罪”,根据加拿大《引渡法》以及美国与加拿大引渡协议的规定,引渡人的罪行必须同时被两国认定为犯罪行为,才符合引渡的条件。

在听证会前2天保持沉默,检察官Robert Frater今天一上来便说,自己主张的理论并不复杂,简单讲就是有人为了获取经济服务对银行撒谎,导致银行承受风险损失,这明显就是诈欺行为。更强调,孟晚舟案件符合“双重犯罪”,应引渡到美国接受审判。

由于美国方面指控孟晚舟利用注册于香港的子公司星通技术(Skycom)与伊朗进行业务往来,并对汇丰银行进行诈欺,隐瞒华为与Skycom之间的真实关系。

对此检方主张,满足欺诈的条件,是使用欺骗手段、损害对方的经济利益,以及上述两项的合理联系。尤其孟晚舟的不实陈述,损害汇丰银行的利益,最后汇丰为此不仅名誉受损,还在2013年被美国指控为伊朗等国转移数十亿美元的资金,以及通过其美国分支机构协助墨西哥的贩毒集团非法转移资金,付出高达19亿美元的和解金。

由于本周孟晚舟的律师团队主张,加拿大并未像美国一样对伊朗实施制裁,所以美国对孟晚舟的指控与罪名在加拿大并不成立,所以这个并不够构成“双重犯罪”。不过检方反驳:“孟晚舟的犯罪行为的实质是欺诈,而不是违反制裁”。

Frater更向主持听证会的副首席大法官Heather Holmes表示,辩方想把此案的“双重犯罪”转为“双重制裁”,但“双重犯罪”法从未要求法官考虑全案是否都在加拿大发生。更炮轰孟晚舟律师团队举的双重犯罪论点,也就是“若要符合加拿大的诈欺指控,欺诈的所有要素必须在加拿大发生”,直指这项主张相当荒谬。

检方团队更指,若孟晚舟被指控的行为在加拿大不属犯罪,到时候加拿大就会成为电讯诈骗及强行推销的最佳目的地,更抨击孟晚舟的律师团有意把此案焦点从“双重犯罪”引导至“双重制裁”。

此外,Frater更直接告诉庭审法官Heather Holmes,此案法官的角色不在捍卫加拿大的主权,这应该是行政部门负责的事,强调法官应该衡量的是案件公正性。

本周的听证会,如果法官认定双重犯罪不成立,孟晚舟将获释离开加拿大回国,不过孟晚舟仍得避开美国,以免遭到指控。如果法官认定双重犯罪成立,听证会将进入第二阶段,即逮捕孟晚舟的程序违法。第二阶段听证会在今年6月举行。

美联社引述专家分析预测,如果辩护方决定上诉的话,孟晚舟引渡案可能拖上数年才能顺利终结。但数据显示,2008年到2018年间,九成在加拿大面临引渡美国的罪犯,最终都被移送美国受审。

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  • 最新评论
  • int_arts

    无良律师,和赖昌兴案一样,每天十几万,拼命要钱,等钱拿到饱之后,还是会被引渡。

  • terry2006

    向银行做虚假陈述只能算向银行撒谎,只有这种行为为了骗财物(动机)且骗财物已实现(结果),才能构成银行欺诈罪(美国的定义,也是国际通用定义,不包括service)。加拿大比较特殊(如下面列出的法律条文),3个月前查过一次,政府网站上只有一个简短陈述,欺诈动机用了一个 for gain,后面没有宾语,这样就给人留下了往上加宾语的空间,如:财物、服务、美女帅哥...今天再去查,那个陈述不见了,好在3个月前已经贴在了评论里,有印象就行。吃瓜群众只能干着急,法官最后说了才算。

  • 叽叽喳喳

    辩方已承认孟对银行做虚假称述,没什么可辩的了。

  • terry2006

    又查了一个接近的,有服务(service),但是是向公众和个人骗得服务,而非向银行(financial institute, 如美国银行诈骗罪中的定义): Fraud 380 (1) Every one who, by deceit, falsehood or other fraudulent means, whether or not it is a false pretence within the meaning of this Act, defrauds the public or any person, whether ascertained or not, of any property, money or valuable security or any service, (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to a term of imprisonment not exceeding fourteen years, where the subject-matter of the offence is a testamentary instrument or the value of the subject-matter of the offence exceeds five thousand dollars; or (b) is guilty (i) of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or (ii) of an offence punishable on summary conviction, where the value of the subject-matter of the offence does not exceed five thousand dollars. Marginal note:Minimum punishment (1.1) When a person is prosecuted on indictment and convicted of one or more offences referred to in subsection (1), the court that imposes the sentence shall impose a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of two years if the total value of the subject-matter of the offences exceeds one million dollars. Marginal note:Affecting public market (2) Every one who, by deceit, falsehood or other fraudulent means, whether or not it is a false pretence within the meaning of this Act, with intent to defraud, affects the public market price of stocks, shares, merchandise or anything that is offered for sale to the public is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • fuyuhai1

    楼下的,先弄清啥叫“服务”。

  • terry2006

    查了老半天,也没查到加拿大银行欺诈罪,可能加拿大的银行欺诈罪分散在各种欺诈罪中,下面是最接近的一个code(请注意,没有将服务列入): False pretence or false statement 362 (1) Every one commits an offence who (a) by a false pretence, whether directly or through the medium of a contract obtained by a false pretence, obtains anything in respect of which the offence of theft may be committed or causes it to be delivered to another person; (b) obtains credit by a false pretence or by fraud; (c) knowingly makes or causes to be made, directly or indirectly, a false statement in writing with intent that it should be relied on, with respect to the financial condition or means or ability to pay of himself or herself or any person or organization that he or she is interested in or that he or she acts for, for the purpose of procuring, in any form whatever, whether for his or her benefit or the benefit of that person or organization, (i) the delivery of personal property, (ii) the payment of money, (iii) the making of a loan, (iv) the grant or extension of credit, (v) the discount of an account receivable, or (vi) the making, accepting, discounting or endorsing of a bill of exchange, cheque, draft or promissory note; or (d) knowing that a false statement in writing has been made with respect to the financial condition or means or ability to pay of himself or herself or another person or organization that he or she is interested in or that he or she acts for, procures on the faith of that statement, whether for his or her benefit or for the benefit of that person or organization, anything mentioned in subparagraphs (c)(i) to (vi).

  • miffyf

    快逃吧孟晚舟,趁机、现在还有那么多同情小粉红,万维还有皮阿哥这种网友,正是逃路的好时候。

  • wangqinbichu

    美国法律明确规定,欺骗金融机构或企图欺骗金融机构,就是欺诈银行罪。

  • terry2006

    Defraud: illegally obtain money from (someone) by deception. 18 U.S. Code §1344. Bank fraud: Whoever knowingly executes, or attempts to execute, a scheme or artifice— (1)to defraud a financial institution; or (2)to obtain any of the moneys, funds, credits, assets, securities, or other property owned by, or under the custody or control of, a financial institution, by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises; shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 years, or both. 美国的法律没有将骗得服务列在银行诈骗罪中作为犯行。

  • cnmwmd

    這樣的律師實際上害了孟,豬隊友呀,要不是看上錢,誰來打這個必輸的官司。

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