ZT - 耶稣应许的圣灵


耶稣应许的圣灵(约16:13)。希腊文“Paraclete” 意味着什么?在拉丁语中,这个词被翻译为Consolator,保护者, “安慰者”。在词源上,拉丁语意思是:当我们感到孤独时,陪伴我们的人。因此,即使我们独自一人时, 也不意味着孤独。对于任何人来说,孤单往往是一个不快乐的状态, 我们需要爱,在孤单时,爱的缺少更为明晰。孤独表示缺乏爱; 这在最深层次威胁到我们的生活质量。不被爱是人类痛苦和个人悲伤的核心。这个词Consoler正是告诉我们,我们并不孤单,我们永远不会被上帝的爱所遗弃。 

借着圣灵的恩赐,上帝已经进入我们的孤独之中,从而粉碎了孤独。的确,这是真正的安慰; 它不仅仅是词语,而是积极和有效的现实的力量。在中世纪,圣灵作为“安慰者”的这个定义引导了基督徒的责任,那就是进入受苦者的孤独。秉承圣灵, 基督徒建立第一个收容所和第一个医院,承担着继续圣灵工作的使命; 他们致力于成为“安慰者”,进入病人,受苦的人和老人的孤独,给他们带来安慰和希望。在我们这个时代,这仍然是基督徒的一个重要的责任。

此外,the Greek work  parakletos可以以另一种方式翻译:它也意味着“倡导者”。 “启示录”的经文可能有助于我们更好地理解:“我听见在天上有大声音说,…. “(启12:10)。一个不爱上帝的人, 也不爱人。否认上帝的人迅速成为毁灭自然和指责其他人的人,因为指责别人和自然使他们能够证明他们反对上帝的道理:一个这样做的神不可能是好的!这就是他们的逻辑。

圣灵,神的灵,不是指责者; 他是人类和自然的倡导者和捍卫者。上帝和我们站在一起。在创造之中,通过保守人类, 使人类能够肯定和捍卫上帝. 上帝是为我们而来. 这一点,我们在耶稣的世俗生活中清楚地看到:他是唯一一个站在我们身边的人,与我们同在, 甚至穿越死亡。圣保罗对此的认识促成了喜悦的爆发 ...

Excerpt from sermon - Faith in the Triune God, and Peace in the World | Joseph Ratzinger |


… But the Gospel reading for today adds a particularly important statement: Jesus promises the Holy Spirit (Jn 16:13), whom he calls, several times, the "Paraclete". What does that mean? In Latin, the word is translated as Consolator, the Comforter. Etymologically, the Latin word means: the one who stays by us when we feel lonely. Thus our solitude ceases to be loneliness. For a human being, solitude is often aplace of unhappiness; he needs love, and solitude makes the absence of it conspicuous. Loneliness indicates a lack of love; it is something that threatens our quality of life at the deepest level. Not being loved is at the core of human suffering and personal sadness. The word Consoler tells us precisely that we are not alone, that we can never feel abandoned by Love. 

By the gift of the Holy Spirit, God has entered into our loneliness and has shattered it. Indeed, this is genuine consolation; it does not consist merely of words but has the force of an active and effective reality. During the Middle Ages this definition of the Spirit as Consoler led to the Christian duty of entering into the solitude of those who suffer. The first hospices and hospitals were dedicated to the Holy Spirit: thus men undertook the mission of continuing the Spirit's work; they dedicated themselves to being "consolers", to entering into the solitude of the sick, the suffering, and the elderly, so as to bring them light.

This is still a serious duty for us today, in our time.

Moreover, the Greek work parakletos can be translated in yet another way: it also means "advocate". A verse from the Book of Revelation might help us to understand it better: "And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, 'Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God" (Rev 12:10). Someone who does not love God with all his heart does not love man, either. Those who deny God quickly become persons who destroy nature and accuse men, because accusing other men and nature enables them to justify their opposition to God: a God who has made this cannot be good! That is their logic. 

The Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God, is not an accuser; he is an advocate and defender of mankind and creation. God himself takes the side of men and creatures. Within creation, God affirms and defends himself by coming to our defense. God is for us; we see that clearly throughout the earthly life of Jesus: he is the only one who takes our side, becomes one with us even unto death. Saint Paul's awareness of this prompted an outburst of joy ......